Integration Issues of Cells into Battery Packs for Plug-in and Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Preprint
The main barriers to increased market share of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and commercialization of plug-in HEVs are the cost, safety, and life of lithium ion batteries. Significant effort is being directed to address these issues for lithium ion cells. However, even the best cells may not perform as well when integrated into packs for vehicles because of the environment in which vehicles operate. This paper discusses mechanical, electrical, and thermal integration issues and vehicle interface issues that could impact the cost, life, and safety of the system. It also compares the advantages and disadvantages of using many small cells versus a few large cells and using prismatic cells versus cylindrical cells.
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- Resource Relation:
- Conference: Presented at EVS-24 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium; Stavanger, Norway; May 13-16, 2009
- Research Org:
- National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
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- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 25 ENERGY STORAGE; COMMERCIALIZATION; COMPETITION; COST; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; FUEL CELLS; HYBRID ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; LITHIUM IONS; MARKET; SAFETY; VEHICLES; LITHIUM BATTERY; BATTERY MANAGEMENT; BATTERY COOLING; ELECTRIC DRIVE; BATTERY MODELLING; VEHICLE THERMAL MANAGEMENT; HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES; Transportation
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