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Title: CO{sub 2} and air toxics: Planning for future regulatory uncertainties

The current focus of regulatory compliance for the power generation industry is on the acid rain sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) reduction requirements from Title IV of the Clean Air Act (CAA) Amendments and the ozone nonattainment NO{sub x} reduction requirements from Title I of the CAA Amendments. However, the next wave of regulatory requirements may have even more far reaching impacts on the industry. Regulation of air toxics emissions and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions could be implemented by the end of the century. The potential impact of future regulation is enormous. For future air toxics regulation, the Edison Electric Institute has estimated that compliance costs for the utility industry could be as high as $$7.8 billion per year. Although similar figures are not available for future CO{sub 2} regulation, a US utility recently invested $$600,000 in an international pilot project to improve forestry management practices. The utility says it can cut emissions in international projects for less than $$1/ton of CO{sub 2} versus $$8/ton for similar programs in its service area. This paper discusses the legislation and national programs that are the driving forces behind potential implementation of mandatory requirements. Also included is the resultant regulatory scenarios that the power industry may face. With these regulatory scenarios in mind, this paper addresses the possible technology responses. The technology response includes the control capabilities of typical existing facilities, the modifications owners can make to these facilities, and the emerging generation technologies owners can implement to meet these requirements in the future.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Sargent and Lundy, Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
94185
Report Number(s):
CONF-950414--
Journal ID: ISSN 0097-2126; TRN: IM9538%%158
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 57. annual American power conference, Chicago, IL (United States), 18-20 Apr 1995; Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the American Power Conference: Volume 57-I; PB: 874 p.
Publisher:
American Power Conference, Chicago, IL (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; CARBON DIOXIDE; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; TOXIC MATERIALS; MERCURY; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; VOLATILE MATTER; POLLUTION REGULATIONS