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Title: Human Factors Considerations in New Nuclear Power Plants: Detailed Analysis.

This Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) sponsored study has identified human-performance issues in new and advanced nuclear power plants. To identify the issues, current industry developments and trends were evaluated in the areas of reactor technology, instrumentation and control technology, human-system integration technology, and human factors engineering (HFE) methods and tools. The issues were organized into seven high-level HFE topic areas: Role of Personnel and Automation, Staffing and Training, Normal Operations Management, Disturbance and Emergency Management, Maintenance and Change Management, Plant Design and Construction, and HFE Methods and Tools. The issues where then prioritized into four categories using a 'Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table' methodology based on evaluations provided by 14 independent subject matter experts. The subject matter experts were knowledgeable in a variety of disciplines. Vendors, utilities, research organizations and regulators all participated. Twenty issues were categorized into the top priority category. This Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) technical report provides the detailed methodology, issue analysis, and results. A summary of the results of this study can be found in NUREG/CR-6947. The research performed for this project has identified a large number of human-performance issues for new control stations and new nuclear power plant designs. The information gathered in this projectmore » can serve as input to the development of a long-term strategy and plan for addressing human performance in these areas through regulatory research. Addressing human-performance issues will provide the technical basis from which regulatory review guidance can be developed to meet these challenges. The availability of this review guidance will help set clear expectations for how the NRC staff will evaluate new designs, reduce regulatory uncertainty, and provide a well-defined path to new nuclear power plant licensing.« less
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
926663
Report Number(s):
BNL--79947-2008
R&D Project: 15351; 76015171277; TRN: US0803125
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Sponsoring Org:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission/Non-Nureg
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; AUTOMATION; CONSTRUCTION; DESIGN; DISTURBANCES; HUMAN FACTORS; HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; LICENSING; MAINTENANCE; MANAGEMENT; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; PERFORMANCE; PERSONNEL; REACTOR TECHNOLOGY; TRAINING human factors; human factors engineering; digital instrumentation and controls