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Title: An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan UsingOptimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons

This research demonstrates economically optimal distributedenergy resource (DER) system choice using the DER choice and operationsoptimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer AdoptionModel (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installedequipment given prevailing utility tariffs and fuel prices, siteelectrical and thermal loads (including absorption cooling), and a menuof available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeitidealized, that shows how site useful energy loads can be served atminimum cost. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examinedand DER-CAM is applied to select the economically optimal DER system foreach. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductionsare evaluated. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbonemissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savingswere most noticeable in the prototype sports facility, followed by thehospital, hotel, and office building. Results show that DER with combinedheat and power equipment is a promising efficiency and carbon mitigationstrategy, but that precise system design is necessary. Furthermore, aJapan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffsrelevant to DER installation is presented.
Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
923280
Report Number(s):
LBNL--60594
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7788; ENEBDR; R&D Project: 6793TD; BnR: TD5003340; TRN: US200804%%1040
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Energy and Buildings; Journal Volume: 38; Journal Issue: 12; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 12/2006
Research Org:
Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley NationalLaboratory, Berkeley, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE. Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution.Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29; 32; ABSORPTION; CARBON; CLIMATES; COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS; DESIGN; EFFICIENCY; ENERGY ACCOUNTING; FUEL CONSUMPTION; MITIGATION; OFFICE BUILDINGS; OPTIMIZATION; PRICES; TARIFFS distributed energy resources distributed generation combinedheat and power building energy efficiency commercial buildingsoptimization absorption cooling