In-Situ Continuous Detonation Velocity Measurements Using Fiber-optic Bragg Grating Sensors
In order to fully calibrate hydrocodes and dynamic chemistry burn models, initiation and detonation research requires continuous measurement of low order detonation velocities as the detonation runs up to full order detonation for a given density and initiation pressure pulse. A novel detector of detonation velocity is presented using a 125 micron diameter optical fiber with an integral chirped fiber Bragg grating as an intrinsic sensor. This fiber is embedded in the explosive under study and interrogated during detonation as the fiber Bragg grating scatters light back along the fiber to a photodiode, producing a return signal dependant on the convolution integral of the grating reflection bandpass, the ASE intensity profile and the photodetector response curve. Detonation velocity is measured as the decrease in reflected light exiting the fiber as the grating is consumed when the detonation reaction zone proceeds along the fiber sensor axis. This small fiber probe causes minimal perturbation to the detonation wave and can measure detonation velocities along path lengths tens of millimeters long. Experimental details of the associated equipment and preliminary data in the form of continuous detonation velocity records within nitromethane and PBX-9502 are presented.
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- Conference: Presented at: EuroPyro 2007, 34th International Pyrotechnics Seminar, Beaune, France, Oct 08 - Oct 11, 2007
- Research Org:
- Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA
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- United States
- 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUMM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; CHEMISTRY; DETONATION WAVES; EXPLOSIONS; EXPLOSIVES; FIBERS; NITROMETHANE; OPTICAL FIBERS; PHOTODETECTORS; PROBES; REFLECTION; VELOCITY
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