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Title: Development of Novel CO2 Adsorbents for Capture of CO2 from Flue Gas

Capturing CO2 emissions generated from fossil fuel-based power plants has received widespread attention and is considered a vital course of action for CO2 emission abatement. Efforts are underway at the Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory to develop viable energy technologies enabling the CO2 capture from large stationary point sources. Solid, immobilized amine sorbents (IAS) formulated by impregnation of liquid amines within porous substrates are reactive towards CO2 and offer an alternative means for cyclic capture of CO2 eliminating, to some degree, inadequacies related to chemical absorption by aqueous alkanolamine solutions. This paper describes synthesis, characterization, and CO2 adsorption properties for IAS materials previously tested to bind and release CO2 and water vapor in a closed loop life support system. Tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA), acrylonitrile-modified tetraethylenepentamine (TEPAN), and a single formulation consisting of TEPAN and N, N’-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine (BED) were individually supported on a poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) substrate and examined. CO2 adsorption profiles leading to reversible CO2 adsorption capacities were obtained using thermogravimetry. Under 10% CO2 in nitrogen at 25°C and 1 atm, TEPA supported on PMMA over 60 minutes adsorbed ~3.2 mmol/g{sorbent} whereas, TEPAN supported on PMMA along with TEPAN and BED supported on PMMA adsorbed ~1.7 mmol/g{sorbent} and ~2.3more » mmol/g{sorbent} respectively. Cyclic experiments with a 1:1 weight ratio of TEPAN and BED supported on poly (methyl methacrylate) beads utilizing a fixed-bed flow system with 9% CO2, 3.5% O2, nitrogen balance with trace gas constituents were studied. CO2 adsorption capacity was ~ 3 mmols CO2/g{sorbent} at 40°C and 1.4 atm. No beneficial effect on IAS performance was found using a moisture-laden flue gas mixture. Tests with 750 ppmv NO in a humidified gas stream revealed negligible NO sorption onto the IAS. A high SO2 concentration resulted in incremental loss in IAS performance and revealed progressive degrees of “staining” upon testing. Adsorption of SO2 by the IAS necessitates upstream removal of SO2 prior to CO2 capture.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ; ; ; ;
  1. (University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
915511
Report Number(s):
DOE/NETL-IR-2007-156
TRN: US200817%%550
DOE Contract Number:
None cited
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: A&WMA (Air & Waste Management Association) 100th Annual Conference & Exhibition, Pittsburgh, PA, June 26-29, 2007
Publisher:
Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Research Org:
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE - Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; ADSORBENTS; ADSORPTION; AIR; FLUE GAS; LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS; POINT SOURCES; POWER PLANTS; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WATER VAPOR; CAPTURE; CARBON DIOXIDE Carbon dioxide, Carbon capture and separation