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Title: Investigation of network heterogeneities in filled, trimodal, highly functional PDMS networks by 1H Multiple Quantum NMR

The segmental order and dynamics of polymer network chains in a filled, tri-modal silicone foam network have been studied by static 1H Multiple Quantum (MQ) NMR methods to gain insight into the structure property relationships. The foam materials were synthesized with two different types of crosslinks, with functionalities, {phi}, of 4 and near 60. The network chains were composed of distributions of high, low, and medium molecular weight chains. Crosslinking was accomplished by standard acid catalyzed reactions. MQ NMR methods have detected domains with residual dipolar couplings (<{Omega}{sub d}>) of near 4 kRad/s and 1 kRad/s assigned to (a) the shorter polymer chains and chains near the multifunctional (f=60) crosslinking sites and to (b) the longer polymer chains far from these sites. Three structural variables were systematically varied and the mechanical properties via compression and distributions of residual dipolar couplings measured in order to gain insight in to the network structural motifs that contribute significantly to the composite properties. The partitioning of and the average values of the residual dipolar couplings for the two domains were observed to be dependent on formulation variable and provided increased insight into the network structure of these materials which are unavailable from swelling andmore » spin-echo methods. The results of this study suggest that the domains with high crosslink density contribute significantly to the high strain modulus, while the low crosslink density domains do not. This is in agreement with theories and experimental studies on silicone bimodal networks over the last 20 years. In-situ MQ-NMR of swollen sample suggests that the networks deform heterogeneously and non-affinely. The heterogeneity of the deformation process was observed to depend on the amount of the high functionality crosslinking site PMHS. The NMR experiments shown here provide increased ability to characterize multimodal networks of typical engineering silicone foam materials and to gain significant insight into structure-property relationships.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
914601
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JRNL-229373
TRN: US0803347
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Macromolecules, n/a, n/a, June 7, 2007, pp. 4953-4962
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CHAINS; COMPRESSION; DEFORMATION; FUNCTIONALS; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; MOLECULAR WEIGHT; POLYMERS; SILICONES; SPIN ECHO; STRAINS; SWELLING