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Title: Technical Information on the Carbonation of the EBR-II Reactor, Summary Report Part 2: Application to EBR-II Primary Sodium System and Related Systems

Residual sodium is defined as sodium metal that remains behind in pipes, vessels, and tanks after the bulk sodium metal has been melted and drained from such components. The residual sodium has the same chemical properties as bulk sodium, and differs from bulk sodium only in the thickness of the sodium deposit. Typically, sodium is considered residual when the thickness of the deposit is less than 5-6 cm. This residual sodium must be removed or deactivated when a pipe, vessel, system, or entire reactor is permanently taken out of service, in order to make the component or system safer and/or to comply with decontamination and decomissioning regulations. As an alternative to the established residual sodium deactivation techniques (steam-and-nitrogen, wet vapor nitrogen, etc.), a technique involving the use of moisture and carbon dioxide has been developed. With this technique, sodium metal is converted into sodium bicarbonate by reacting it with humid carbon dioxide. Hydrogen is emitted as a by-product. This technique was first developed in the laboratory by exposing sodium samples to humidifed carbon dioxide under controlled conditions, and then demonstrated on a larger scale by treating residual sodium within the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) secondary cooling system, followed bymore » the primary cooling system, respectively. The EBR-II facility is located at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in southeastern Idaho, USA. This report is Part 2 of a two-part report. This second report provides a supplement to the first report and describes the application of the humdidified carbon dioxide technique ("carbonation") to the EBR-II primary tank, primary cover gas systems, and the intermediate heat exchanger. Future treatment plans are also provided.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
911822
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT-06-01189
TRN: US0800159
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC07-99ID-13727
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 - MGMT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES, 21 - SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS, 37 - INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, 42 - ENGINEERING; ACID CARBONATES; BREEDER REACTORS; CARBON DIOXIDE; CHEMICAL PROPERTIES; COOLING SYSTEMS; COVER GAS; DEACTIVATION; DECOMMISSIONING; DECONTAMINATION; HEAT EXCHANGERS; HYDROGEN; MOISTURE; NITROGEN; REGULATIONS; SODIUM; TANKS; THICKNESS carbonation; EBR-II; reactor; sodium