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Title: ABSOLUTE MEASUREMENT OF THE POLARIZATION OF HIGH ENERGY PROTON BEAMS AT RHIC

The spin physics program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) requires knowledge of the beam polarization to better than 5%. Such a goal is made the more difficult by the lack of knowledge of the analyzing power of high energy nuclear physics processes. To overcome this, a polarized hydrogen jet target was constructed and installed at one intersection region in RHIC where it intersects both beams and utilizes the precise knowledge of the jet atomic hydrogen beam polarization to measure the analyzing power in proton-proton elastic scattering in the Nuclear Coulomb Interference (CNI) region at the prescribed RHIC proton beam energy. The reverse reaction is used to assess the absolute beam polarization. Simultaneous measurements taken with fast high statistics polarimeters that measure the p-Carbon elastic scattering process also in the CNI region use the jet results to calibrate the latter.
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
910389
Report Number(s):
BNL-77350-2007-CP
R&D Project: 18092; TRN: US0704188
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 22ND PARTICLE ACCELERATOR CONFERENCE; ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO; 20070625 through 20070629
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Doe - Office Of Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ACCELERATORS; ELASTIC SCATTERING; HEAVY IONS; HYDROGEN; NUCLEAR PHYSICS; PHYSICS; POLARIMETERS; POLARIZATION; PROTON BEAMS; SPIN; STATISTICS; TARGETS