Kelt Reconditioning: A Research Project to Enhance Iteroparity in Columbia Basin Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss), 2003 Annual Report.
Repeat spawning is a life history strategy that is expressed by some species from the family Salmonidae. Rates of repeat spawning for post-development Columbia River steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss populations range from 1.6 to 17%. It is expected that currently observed iteroparity rates for wild steelhead in the Basin are severely depressed due to development and operation of the hydropower system and various additional anthropogenic factors. Increasing the natural expression of historical repeat spawning rates using fish culturing methods could be a viable technique to assist the recovery of depressed steelhead populations. Reconditioning is the process of culturing post-spawned fish (kelts) in a captive environment until they are able to reinitiate feeding, growth, and redevelop mature gonads. Kelt reconditioning techniques were initially developed for Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and sea-trout S. trutta. The recent Endangered Species Act listing of many Columbia Basin steelhead populations has prompted interest in developing reconditioning methods for wild steelhead populations within the Basin. To test kelt steelhead reconditioning as a potential recovery tool, we captured wild emigrating steelhead kelts from the Yakima River and evaluated reconditioning (short and long-term) success and diet formulations at Prosser Hatchery on the Yakima River. Steelhead kelts from the Yakima Rivermore »
- (Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, Portland, OR)
- (Yakama Nation, Toppenish, WA)
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
R&D Project: 200001700; TRN: US200720%%337
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Technical Report
- Research Org:
- Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission. Yakama Nation.
- Sponsoring Org:
- United States. Bonneville Power Administration.
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 13 HYDRO ENERGY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; COLUMBIA RIVER; ENDANGERED SPECIES; FEEDING; FISH PASSAGE FACILITIES; FORMALDEHYDE; GONADS; JUVENILES; MONITORING; OXYTETRACYCLINE; PARASITES; PELLETS; REARING; RIVERS; SALMON; TANKS; Steelhead (Fish) - Spawning - Washington (State) - Yakima River Watershed
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