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Title: New Catalytic DNA Biosensors for Radionuclides and Metal ions

The goals of the project are to develop new catalytic DNA biosensors for simultaneous detection and quantification of bioavailable radionuclides and metal ions, and apply the sensors for on-site, real-time assessment of concentration, speciation and stability of the individual contaminants during and after bioremediation. A negative selection strategy was tested and validated. In vitro selection was shown to yield highly active and specific transition metal ion-dependent catalytic DNA/RNA. A fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) study of in vitro selected DNA demonstrated that the trifluorophore labeled system is a simple and powerful tool in studying complex biomolecules structure and dynamics, and is capable of revealing new sophisticated structural changes. New fluorophore/quenchers in a single fluorosensor yielded improved signal to noise ratio in detection, identification and quantification of metal contaminants. Catalytic DNA fluorescent and colorimetric sensors were shown useful in sensing lead in lake water and in leaded paint. Project results were described in two papers and two patents, and won an international prize.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
893782
Report Number(s):
NABIR-1017633-2003
R&D Project: NABIR 1017633; TRN: US0606114
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE - Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; BIOREMEDIATION; DETECTION; DNA; ENERGY TRANSFER; FLUORESCENCE; IN VITRO; RADIOISOTOPES; RESONANCE; SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO; STABILITY; TRANSITION ELEMENTS