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Title: Modeling discharge requirements for deep geothermal wells at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field, MX

During the mid-l980's, Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) drilled a number of deep wells (M-200 series) at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field, Baja California, Mexico to investigate the continuation of the geothermal reservoir to the east of the Cerro Prieto-II and III production areas. The wells encountered permeability at depths ranging from 2,800 to 4,400 m but due to the reservoir depth and the relatively cold temperatures encountered in the upper 1,000 to 2,000 m of the wells, it was not possible to discharge some of the wells. The wells at Cerro Prieto are generally discharged by injecting compressed air below the water level using 2-3/8-inch tubing installed with either a crane or workover rig. The objective of this technique is to lift sufficient water out of the well to stimulate flow from the reservoir into the wellbore. However, in the case of the M-200 series wells, the temperatures in the upper 1,000 to 2,000 m are generally below 50 C and the heat loss to the formation is therefore significant. The impact of heat loss on the stimulation process was evaluated using both a numerical model of the reservoir/wellbore system and steady-state wellbore modeling. The results from the studymore » indicate that if a flow rate of at least 300 liters/minute can be sustained, the well can probably be successfully stimulated. This is consistent with the flow rates obtained during the successful stimulations of wells M-202 and M-203. If the flow rate is closer to 60 liters/minute, the heat loss is significant and it is unlikely that the well can be successfully discharged. These results are consistent with the unsuccessful discharge attempts in wells M-201 and M-205.« less
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
889354
Report Number(s):
SGP-TR-150-10
TRN: US200619%%789
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proceedings, Twentieth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, January 24-26, 1995
Research Org:
GeothermEx, Inc., Richmond, CA; Comision Federal de Electricidad, Residencia de Estudios, Cerro Prieto, MX; Comision Federal de electricidad, Gerencia de Proyectos Geotermoelectricos, Morelia, MX
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 02 PETROLEUM; CERRO PRIETO GEOTHERMAL FIELD; COMPRESSED AIR; FLOW RATE; GEOTHERMAL WELLS; PERMEABILITY; PRODUCTION; RESERVOIR ENGINEERING; SIMULATION; STIMULATION; WATER; Geothermal Legacy