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Title: The JLab high power ERL light source

A new THz/IR/UV photon source at Jefferson Lab is the first of a new generation of light sources based on an Energy-Recovered, (superconducting) Linac (ERL). The machine has a 160 MeV electron beam and an average current of 10 mA in 75 MHz repetition rate hundred femtosecond bunches. These electron bunches pass through a magnetic chicane and therefore emit synchrotron radiation. For wavelengths longer than the electron bunch the electrons radiate coherently a broadband THz {approx} half cycle pulse whose average brightness is > 5 orders of magnitude higher than synchrotron IR sources. Previous measurements showed 20 W of average power extracted[1]. The new facility offers simultaneous synchrotron light from the visible through the FIR along with broadband THz production of 100 fs pulses with >200 W of average power. The FELs also provide record-breaking laser power [2]: up to 10 kW of average power in the IR from 1 to 14 microns in 400 fs pulses at up to 74.85 MHz repetition rates and soon will produce similar pulses of 300-1000 nm light at up to 3 kW of average power from the UV FEL. These ultrashort pulses are ideal for maximizing the interaction with material surfaces. The opticalmore » beams are Gaussian with nearly perfect beam quality. See www.jlab.org/FEL for details of the operating characteristics; a wide variety of pulse train configurations are feasible from 10 microseconds long at high repetition rates to continuous operation. The THz and IR system has been commissioned. The UV system is to follow in 2005. The light is transported to user laboratories for basic and applied research. Additional lasers synchronized to the FEL are also available. Past activities have included production of carbon nanotubes, studies of vibrational relaxation of interstitial hydrogen in silicon, pulsed laser deposition and ablation, nitriding of metals, and energy flow in proteins. This paper will present the status of the system and discuss some of the discoveries we have made concerning the physics performance, design optimization, and operational limitations of such a first generation high power ERL light source.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
876627
Report Number(s):
JLAB-ACT-05-366; DOE/ER/40150-3801
TRN: US0601224
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-84ER40150
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 32nd Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on Energy Recovering Linacs (ERL 2005), March 19 - 23, 2005, Newport News, Va, USA
Research Org:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE - Office of Energy Research (ER)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; BEAM DYNAMICS; ELECTRON BEAMS; ELECTRONS; HYDROGEN; INTERSTITIALS; LIGHT SOURCES; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; OPTIMIZATION; PHOTONS; PHYSICS; PROTEINS; SYNCHROTRON RADIATION