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Title: Electrode assembly for use in a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell

A gas reaction fuel cell may be provided with a solid polymer electrolyte membrane. Porous gas diffusion electrodes are formed of carbon particles supporting a catalyst which is effective to enhance the gas reactions. The carbon particles define interstitial spaces exposing the catalyst on a large surface area of the carbon particles. A proton conducting material, such as a perfluorocarbon copolymer or ruthenium dioxide contacts the surface areas of the carbon particles adjacent the interstitial spaces. The proton conducting material enables protons produced by the gas reactions adjacent the supported catalyst to have a conductive path with the electrolyte membrane. The carbon particles provide a conductive path for electrons. A suitable electrode may be formed by dispersing a solution containing a proton conducting material over the surface of the electrode in a manner effective to coat carbon surfaces adjacent the interstitial spaces without impeding gas flow into the interstitial spaces.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. (Los Alamos, NM)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
867152
Report Number(s):
US 4876115
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
electrode; assembly; solid; polymer; electrolyte; fuel; cell; gas; reaction; fuel; cell; provided; solid; polymer; electrolyte; membrane; porous; gas; diffusion; electrodes; formed; carbon; particles; supporting; catalyst; effective; enhance; gas; reactions; carbon; particles; define; interstitial; spaces; exposing; catalyst; surface; carbon; particles; proton; conducting; material; perfluorocarbon; copolymer; ruthenium; dioxide; contacts; surface; carbon; particles; adjacent; interstitial; spaces; proton; conducting; material; enables; protons; produced; gas; reactions; adjacent; supported; catalyst; conductive; path; electrolyte; membrane; carbon; particles; provide; conductive; path; electrons; suitable; electrode; formed; dispersing; solution; containing; proton; conducting; material; surface; electrode; manner; effective; coat; carbon; surfaces; adjacent; interstitial; spaces; impeding; gas; flow; interstitial; spaces; fuel cell; fuel cell; proton conducting; proton conducting; proton conducting; gas diffusion; electrolyte membrane; electrolyte membrane; conducting material; conducting material; conducting material; electrolyte fuel; electrode assembly; solution containing; gas flow; polymer electrolyte; polymer electrolyte; solid polymer; solid polymer; carbon particles; carbon particles; carbon particles; carbon particles; carbon particles; supported catalyst; conductive path; conductive path; gas reaction; gas reaction; gas reaction; reaction fuel; surfaces adjacent; carbon surface; particles provide; diffusion electrodes; porous gas; material enables /427/429/