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Title: Electrochemical heat engine

Electrochemical heat engines produce electrochemical work, and mechanical motion is limited to valve and switching actions as the heat-to-work cycles are performed. The electrochemical cells of said heat engines use molten or solid electrolytes at high temperatures. One or more reactions in the cycle will generate a gas at high temperature which can be condensed at a lower temperature with later return of the condensate to electrochemical cells. Sodium, potassium, and cesium are used as the working gases for high temperature cells (above 600 K) with halogen gases or volatile halides being used at lower temperature. Carbonates and halides are used as molten electrolytes and the solid electrolyte in these melts can also be used as a cell separator.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. (Los Alamos, NM)
  2. (Alcalde, NM)
  3. (Cockeysville, MD)
  4. (Albuquerque, NM)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
US 4090012
Resource Type:
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM
Country of Publication:
United States
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