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Title: Nanoscale Pore Imaging and Pore Scale Fluid Flow Modeling in Chalk

For many rocks of high economic interest such as chalk, diatomite, tight gas sands or coal, nanometer scale resolution is needed to resolve the 3D-pore structure, which controls the flow and trapping of fluids in the rocks. Such resolutions cannot be achieved with existing tomographic technologies. A new 3D imaging method, based on serial sectioning and using the Focused Ion Beam (FIB) technology has been developed. FIB allows for the milling of layers as thin as 10 nanometers by using accelerated Ga+ ions to sputter atoms from the sample surface. After each milling step, as a new surface is exposed, a 2D image of this surface is generated. Next, the 2D images are stacked to reconstruct the 3D pore or grain structure. Resolutions as high as 10 nm are achievable using such a technique. A new robust method of pore-scale fluid flow modeling has been developed and applied to sandstone and chalk samples. The method uses direct morphological analysis of the pore space to characterize the petrophysical properties of diverse formations. Not only petrophysical properties (porosity, permeability, relative permeability and capillary pressures) can be computed but also flow processes, such as those encountered in various IOR approaches, can be simulated.more » Petrophysical properties computed with the new method using the new FIB data will be presented. Present study is a part of the development of an Electronic Core Laboratory at LBNL/UCB.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
840448
Report Number(s):
LBNL--56266
R&D Project: 520301; TRN: US200511%%57
DOE Contract Number:
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 25th Annual Workshop and Symposium Collaborative Project on Enhanced Oil Recovery, Stavanger (NO), 09/05/2004--09/08/2004; Other Information: PBD: 19 Aug 2004
Research Org:
Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE. Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 58 GEOSCIENCES; ATOMS; CALCITE; COAL; ECONOMICS; FLUID FLOW; ION BEAMS; MILLING; PERMEABILITY; POROSITY; RESOLUTION; SANDSTONES; SIMULATION; TRAPPING