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Title: Reactivity of Primary Soil Minerals and Secondary Precipitates Beneath Leaking Hanford Waste Tanks

This project, renewal of a previous EMSP project of the same title, is in its first year of funding at the University of Illinois at Chicago. The purpose is to continue investigating rates and mechanisms of reactions between primary sediment minerals found in the Hanford subsurface and leaked waste tank solutions. The goals are to understand processes that result in (1) changes in porosity and permeability of the sediment and resultant changes in flow paths of the contaminant plumes, (2) formation of secondary precipitates that can take up contaminants in their structures, and (3) release of mineral components that can drive redox reactions affecting dissolved contaminant mobility. A post-doctoral scientist, Dr. Sherry Samson, has been hired and two masters of science students are beginning to conduct experimental research. One research project that is underway is focused on measurement of the dissolution rates of plagioclase feldspar in high pH, high nitrate, high Al-bearing solutions characteristic of the BX tank farms. The first set of experiments is being conduced at room temperature. Subsequent experiments will examine the role of temperature because tank solutions in many cases were near boiling when leakage is thought to have occurred and temperature gradients have been observedmore » beneath the SX and BX tank farms. The dissolution experiments are being conducted in stirred-flow kinetic reactors using powdered labradorite feldspar from Pueblo Park, New Mexico.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
839366
Report Number(s):
EMSP-86898--2003
R&D Project: EMSP 86898; TRN: US0501911
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2003
Research Org:
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC) (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ANORTHOSITES; BOILING; DISSOLUTION; FELDSPARS; KINETICS; PERMEABILITY; PLUMES; POROSITY; REDOX REACTIONS; SEDIMENTS; SOILS; STORAGE FACILITIES; TANKS; TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS; WASTES