Biology and management of insect pests in North American intensively managed hardwood forest systems.
Annu. Rev. Entomol. 50:1-29. Abstract Increasing demand for wood and wood products is putting stress on traditional forest production areas, leading to long-term economic and environmental concerns. Intensively managed hardwood forest systems (IMHFS), grown using conventional agricultural as well as forestry methods, can help alleviate potential problems in natural forest production areas. Although IMHFS can produce more biomass per hectare per year than natural forests, the ecologically simplified, monocultural systems may greatly increase the crops susceptibility to pests. Species in the genera Populus and Salix comprise the greatest acreage in IMHFS in North America, but other species, including Liquidambar styracifua and Platanus occidentalis, are also important. We discuss life histories, realized and potential damage, and management options for the most economically infuential pests that affect these hardwood species. The substantial inherent challenges associated with pest management in the monocultural environments created by IMHFS are reviewed. Finally, we discuss ways to design IMHFS that may reduce their susceptibility to pests, increase their growth and productivity potential, and create a more sustainable environment.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
Journal ID: 1-29; 05-01-P; TRN: US200720%%350
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Journal Article
- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Annu. Rev. Entomol.; Journal Volume: 50
- Research Org:
- USDA Forest Service, Savannah River, New Ellenton, SC
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BIOLOGY; BIOMASS; CROPS; DESIGN; ECONOMICS; FORESTRY; FORESTS; INSECTS; MANAGEMENT; NORTH AMERICA; PRODUCTION; PRODUCTIVITY; WOOD; Defoliators; integrated pest management; sap-feeders; short-rotation forestry; stem borers.
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