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Title: ADVANCED TURBINE SYSTEMS PROGRAM

The market for power generation equipment is undergoing a tremendous transformation. The traditional electric utility industry is restructuring, promising new opportunities and challenges for all facilities to meet their demands for electric and thermal energy. Now more than ever, facilities have a host of options to choose from, including new distributed generation (DG) technologies that are entering the market as well as existing DG options that are improving in cost and performance. The market is beginning to recognize that some of these users have needs beyond traditional grid-based power. Together, these changes are motivating commercial and industrial facilities to re-evaluate their current mix of energy services. One of the emerging generating options is a new breed of advanced fuel cells. While there are a variety of fuel cell technologies being developed, the solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC) are especially promising, with their electric efficiency expected around 50-60 percent and their ability to generate either hot water or high quality steam. In addition, they both have the attractive characteristics of all fuel cells--relatively small siting footprint, rapid response to changing loads, very low emissions, quiet operation, and an inherently modular design lending itself to capacitymore » expansion at predictable unit cost with reasonably short lead times. The objectives of this project are to:(1) Estimate the market potential for high efficiency fuel cell hybrids in the U.S.;(2) Segment market size by commercial, industrial, and other key markets;(3) Identify and evaluate potential early adopters; and(4) Develop results that will help prioritize and target future R&D investments. The study focuses on high efficiency MCFC- and SOFC-based hybrids and competing systems such as gas turbines, reciprocating engines, fuel cells and traditional grid service. Specific regions in the country have been identified where these technologies and the corresponding early adopters are likely to be located.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
835234
DOE Contract Number:
AC21-93MC29257
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Mar 2002
Research Org:
Rolls-Royce Corporation (US)
Sponsoring Org:
(US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; CAPACITY; DESIGN; EFFICIENCY; ENGINES; FUEL CELLS; GAS TURBINES; HOT WATER; MARKET; MOLTEN CARBONATE FUEL CELLS; PERFORMANCE; POWER GENERATION; SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; STEAM; TARGETS; TURBINES