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Title: Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions in Gd5(Si1.95Ge2.05)Single Crystal and the Anisotropic Magnetocaloric Effect

The magnetization measurements using a Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub 1.95}Ge{sub 2.05}) single crystal with the magnetic field applied along three crystallographic directions, [001], [010] and [100], were carried out as function of applied field (0-56 kOe) at various temperatures ({approx}5-320 K). The magnetic-field induced phase transformations at temperature above the zero-field critical temperature, i.e. the paramagnetic (PM) {leftrightarrow} ferromagnetic (FM) transitions with application or removal of magnetic field, are found to be temperature dependent and hysteretic. The corresponding critical fields increase with increasing temperature. The magnetic field (H)-temperature (T) phase diagrams have been constructed for the Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub 1.95}Ge{sub 2.05}) single crystal with field along the three directions. A small anisotropy has been observed. The magnetocaloric effect (MCE) has been calculated from the isothermal magnetization data, and the observed anisotropy correlates with H-T phase diagrams. The results are discussed in connection with the magnetic-field induced martensitic-like structural transition observed in the Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2})-type compounds.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
832902
Report Number(s):
IS-M 923
TRN: US200430%%915
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-Eng-82
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference title not supplied, Conference location not supplied, Conference dates not supplied; Other Information: PBD: 30 Sep 2004
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory, Ames, IA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC) (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANISOTROPY; CRITICAL TEMPERATURE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MONOCRYSTALS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; GADOLINIUM BASE ALLOYS; SILICON ALLOYS; GERMANIUM ALLOYS