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Title: A NOVEL MEMBRANE REACTOR FOR DIRECT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION FROM COAL

Gas Technology Institute is developing a novel concept of membrane gasifier for high efficiency, clean and low cost production of hydrogen from coal. The concept incorporates a hydrogen-selective membrane within a gasification reactor for direct extraction of hydrogen from coal synthesis gases. The objective of this project is to determine the technical and economic feasibility of this concept by screening, testing and identifying the potential candidate membranes under high temperature, high pressure, and harsh environments of the coal gasification conditions. The best performing membranes will be selected for preliminary reactor design and cost estimates. To evaluate the candidate membrane performance under the gasification conditions, a high temperature/high pressure hydrogen permeation unit will be constructed in this project. During this reporting period, the design of this unit was completed. The unit will be capable of operating at temperatures up to 1100 C and pressures to 60 atm for evaluation of ceramic membranes such as mixed ionic conducting membrane. The membranes to be tested will be in disc form with a diameter of about 3 cm. By operating at higher temperatures and higher hydrogen partial pressures, we expect to demonstrate commercially relevant hydrogen flux, 10 {approx} 50 cc/min/cm{sup 2}, from the membranesmore » made of the perovskite type of ceramic material. The construction of the unit is planned to be completed by the end of the next reporting period.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
829544
DOE Contract Number:
FC26-03NT41851
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 22 Jan 2004
Research Org:
Gas Technology Institute (US)
Sponsoring Org:
(US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; CERAMICS; COAL; COAL GASIFICATION; ECONOMICS; EFFICIENCY; GASES; GASIFICATION; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; MEMBRANES; PARTIAL PRESSURE; PEROVSKITE; SYNTHESIS; TESTING