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Title: Management of Spent and Disused Radiation Sources - The Zambian Experience

Zambia like all other countries in the world is faced with environmental problems brought about by a variety of human activities. In Zambia the major environmental issues as identified by Nation Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) of 1994 are water pollution, poor sanitation, land degradation, air pollution, poor waste management, misuse of chemicals, wildlife depletion and deforestation. Zambian has been using a lot of radioactive materials in its various industries. The country has taken several projects with help of external partners. These partners however left these projects in the hands of the Zambians without developing their capacities to manage these radioactive sources. The Government recognized the need to manage these sources and passed legislation governing the management of radioactive materials. The first act of Parliament on Radiation Protection work was passed in 1975 to legislate the use of ionizing radiation. However, because of financial constraints the Country is facing, these regulations have remained unimplemented. Fortunately the international Community has been working in partnership with the Zambian Government in the Management of Radioactive Material. Therefore this paper will present the following aspects of radioactive waste management in Zambia: review Existing Legislation in Zambia regarding management of spent/radioactive sources; capacity building in themore » field of management of radioactive waste; management of spent and disused radiation sources; existing disposal systems in Zambia regarding spent/orphaned sources; existing stocks of radioactive sources in the Zambian industries.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
828335
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Waste Management 2002 Symposium, Tucson, AZ (US), 02/24/2002--02/28/2002; Other Information: PBD: 26 Feb 2002
Publisher:
WM Symposia Inc., Tucson, Arizona
Research Org:
Environmental Council of Zambia (ZM)
Sponsoring Org:
none (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; AIR POLLUTION; CAPACITY; DEFORESTATION; IONIZING RADIATIONS; LEGISLATION; MANAGEMENT; RADIATION PROTECTION; RADIATION SOURCES; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; REGULATIONS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WATER POLLUTION; ZAMBIA