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Title: STATIONARY HIGH-PERFORMANCE DISCHARGES IN THE DII-D TOKAMAK

A271 STATIONARY HIGH-PERFORMANCE DISCHARGES IN THE DII-D TOKAMAK. Discharges which can satisfy the high gain goals of burning plasma experiments have been demonstrated in the DIII-D tokamak under stationary conditions at relatively low plasma current (q{sub 95} > 4). A figure of merit for fusion gain ({beta}{sub N}H{sub 89}/q{sub 95}{sup 2}) has been maintained at values corresponding to ! = 10 operation in a burning plasma for > 6 s or 36{tau}{sub E} and 2{tau}{sub R}. The key element is the relaxation of the current profile to a stationary state with q{sub min} > 1. In the absence of sawteeth and fishbones, stable operation has been achieved up to the estimated no-wall {beta} limit. Feedback control of the energy content and particle inventory allow reproducible, stationary operation. The particle inventory is controlled by gas fueling and active pumping; the wall plays only a small role in the particle balance. The reduced current lessens significantly the potential for structural damage in the event of a major disruption. In addition, the pulse length capability is greatly increased, which is essential for a technology testing phase of a burning plasma experiment where fluence (duty cycle) is important.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
813954
DOE Contract Number:
AC03-99ER54463
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference title not supplied, Conference location not supplied, Conference dates not supplied; Other Information: THIS IS A PREPRINT OF A PAPER TO BE SUBMITTED FOR PUBLICATION IN NUCLEAR FUSION.; PBD: 1 Nov 2002
Research Org:
GENERAL ATOMICS (US)
Sponsoring Org:
(US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; DOUBLET-3 DEVICE; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; FEEDBACK; PERFORMANCE; PLASMA; PUMPING; RELAXATION; TESTING