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Title: Development of Replacements for Phoscoating Used in Forging, Extrusion and Metal Forming Processes

Many forging, extrusion, heading and other metal forming processes use graphite-based lubricants, phosphate coatings, and other potentially hazardous or harmful substances to improve the tribology of the metal forming process. The application of phosphate-based coatings has long been studied to determine if other synthetic ''clean'' lubricants could provide the same degree of protection afforded by phoscoatings and its formulations. So far, none meets the cost and performance objectives provided by phoscoatings as a general aid to the metal forming industry. In as much as phoscoatings and graphite have replaced lead-based lubricants, the metal forming industry has had previous experience with a legislated requirement to change processes. However, without a proactive approach to phoscoating replacement, many metal forming processes could find themselves without a cost effective tribology material necessary for the metal forming process
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
809127
Report Number(s):
DOE/CE/41123-1
NCMS Project Number 140168; TRN: US200307%%388
DOE Contract Number:
FC07-94CE41123
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Mar 2003
Research Org:
National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (US)
Sponsoring Org:
(US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; COATINGS; EXTRUSION; FORGING; GRAPHITE; LUBRICANTS; PERFORMANCE; PHOSPHATES; TRIBOLOGY