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Title: Meteorological Simulations of Ozone Episode Case Days during the 1996 Paso del Norte Ozone Study

Meteorological simulations centered around the border cities of El Paso and Ciudad Juarez have been performed during an ozone episode that occurred on Aug. 13,1996 during the 1996 Paso del Norte Ozone Study field campaign. Simulations were petiormed using the HOTMAC mesoscale meteorological model using a 1,2,4, and 8 km horizontal grid size nested mesh system. Investigation of the vertical structure and evolution of the atmospheric boundary layer for the Aug. 11-13 time period is emphasized in this paper. Comparison of model-produced wind speed profiles to rawirisonde and radar profiler measurements shows reasonable agreement. A persistent upper-level jet was captured in the model simulations through data assimilation. In the evening hours, the model was not able to produce the strong wind direction shear seen in the radar wind profiles. Based on virtual potential temperature profile comparisons, the model appears to correctly simulate the daytime growth of the convective mixed layer. However, the model underestimates the cooling of the surface layer at night. We found that the upper-level jet significantly impacted the turbulence structure of the boundary layer, leading to relatively high turbulent kinetic energy (tke) values aloft at night. The model indicates that these high tke values aloft enhance themore » mid-morning growth of the boundary layer. No upper-level turbulence measurements were available to verify this finding, however. Radar profiler-derived mixing heights do indicate relatively rapid morning growth of the mixed layer.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
ON: DE00007426
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: Air and Waste Management Association, St. Louis, MO, 6/20-24/1999
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM
Sponsoring Org:
Environmental Protection Agency
Country of Publication:
United States
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Texas; Mexico; Meteorology; Computerized Simulation