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Title: Passive and inherent safety technologies for light-water nuclear reactors

Passive/inherent safety implies a technical revolution in our approach to nuclear power safety. This direction is discussed herein for light-water reactors (LWRs) -- the predominant type of power reactor used in the world today. At Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) the approach to the development of passive/inherent safety for LWRs consists of four steps: identify and quantify safety requirements and goals; identify and quantify the technical functional requirements needed for safety; identify, invent, develop, and quantify technical options that meet both of the above requirements; and integrate safety systems into designs of economic and reliable nuclear power plants. Significant progress has been achieved in the first three steps of this program. The last step involves primarily the reactor vendors. These activities, as well as related activities worldwide, are described here. 27 refs., 7 tabs.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
7028226
Report Number(s):
CONF-900828-4
ON: DE90014215; TRN: 90-028836
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Summer national meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, San Diego, CA (USA), 19-22 Aug 1990
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)
Sponsoring Org:
DOE/NE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; BWR TYPE REACTORS; REACTOR SAFETY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; PWR TYPE REACTORS; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; ENGINEERED SAFETY SYSTEMS; PUBLIC OPINION; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; REACTOR COMPONENTS; REACTOR COOLING SYSTEMS; ACCIDENTS; COOLING SYSTEMS; ENERGY SYSTEMS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; POWER PLANTS; REACTORS; SAFETY; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; WATER COOLED REACTORS; WATER MODERATED REACTORS 220900* -- Nuclear Reactor Technology-- Reactor Safety; 210100 -- Power Reactors, Nonbreeding, Light-Water Moderated, Boiling Water Cooled; 210200 -- Power Reactors, Nonbreeding, Light-Water Moderated, Nonboiling Water Cooled