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Title: Ocean dumping of low-level radioactive wastes

Scientific bases, developed internationally over the last 20 years, to control and restrict to acceptable levels the resultant radiation doses that potentially could occur from the dumping of low-level radioactive wastes in the deep oceans were presented. The author concluded that present evaluations of the disposal of radioactive wastes into the oceans, coastal and deep ocean, indicate that these are being conducted within the ICRP recommended dose limits. However, there are presently no international institutions or mechanisms to deal with the long-term radiation exposure at low-levels to large numbers of people on a regional basis if not a global level. Recommendations were made to deal with these aspects through the established mechanisms of NEA/OECD and the London Dumping Convention, in cooperation with ICRP, UNSCEAR and the IAEA. (PSB)
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6893092
Report Number(s):
PNL-SA-10831
ON: DE83002709
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; MARINE DISPOSAL; RISK ASSESSMENT; SEAWATER; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE PATHWAY; HUMAN POPULATIONS; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION; RADIATION DOSES; RADIATION PROTECTION; RADIONUCLIDE KINETICS; COOPERATION; DOSES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; MANAGEMENT; MASS TRANSFER; MATERIALS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POPULATIONS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; WATER 054000* -- Nuclear Fuels-- Health & Safety; 520302 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- Aquatic Ecosystems & Food Chains-- (-1987); 052002 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Waste Disposal & Storage; 055000 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Safeguards, Inspection, & Accountability; 530100 -- Environmental-Social Aspects of Energy Technologies-- Social & Economic Studies-- (-1989); 290600 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Nuclear Energy; 290300 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety