System aspects of a Space Nuclear Reactor Power System
Selected systems aspects of a 300 kW nuclear reactor power system for spacecraft have been studied. The approach included examination of two candidate missions and their associated spacecraft, and a number of special topics dealing with the power system design and operation. The missions considered were a reusable orbital transfer vehicle and a space-based radar. The special topics included: power system configuration and scaling, launch vehicle integration, operating altitude, orbital storage, start-up, thawing, control, load following, procedures in case of malfunction, restart, thermal and nuclear radiation to other portions of the spacecraft, thermal stresses between subsystems, boom and cable designs, vibration modes, altitude control, reliability, and survivability. Among the findings are that the stowed length of the power system is important to mission design and that orbital storage for months to years may be needed for missions involving orbital assembly. The power system design evolved during the study and has continued to evolve; the current design differs somewhat from that examined in this paper.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- LA-UR-88-3252; CONF-880702-24
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Resource Relation:
- Conference: 23. intersociety energy conversion engineering conference, Denver, CO, USA, 31 Jul 1988; Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
- Research Org:
- Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; SPACE POWER REACTORS; MISSION ANALYSIS; SYSTEMS ANALYSIS; SPACE VEHICLES; RADAR; REACTOR OPERATION; SPACE SHUTTLES; SPACE VEHICLE COMPONENTS; AIRCRAFT; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; MOBILE REACTORS; OPERATION; POWER REACTORS; RANGE FINDERS; REACTORS; VEHICLES NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems 210600* -- Power Reactors, Auxiliary, Mobile Package, & Transportable
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