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Title: Transport and partitioning of CO/sub 2/ fixed by root nodules of ureide and amide producing legumes. [Vigna angularis; Glycine max; Medicago sativa]

Nodulated and denodulated roots of adzuki bean (Vigna angularis), soybean (Glycine max), and alfalfa (Medicago sativa) were exposed to /sup 14/CO/sub 2/ to investigate the contribution of nodule CO/sub 2/ fixation to assimilation and transport of fixed nitrogen. The distribution of radioactivity in xylem sap and partitioning of carbon fixed by nodules to the whole plant were measured. Radioactivity in the xylem sap of nodulated soybean and adzuki bean was located primarily (70 to 87%) in the acid fraction while the basic (amino acid) fraction contained 10 to 22%. In contrast radioactivity in the xylem sap of nodulated alfalfa was primarily in amino acids with about 20% in organic acids. Total ureide concentration was 8.1, 4.7, and 0.0 micromoles per milliliter xylem sap for soybean, adzuki bean, and alfalfa, respectively. While the major nitrogen transport products in soybeans and adzuki beans are ureides, this class of metabolites contained less than 20% of the the total radioactivity. When nodules of plants were removed, radioactivity in xylem sap decreased by 90% or more. Pulse-chase experiments indicated that CO/sub 2/ fixed by nodules was rapidly transported to shoots and incorporated into acid stable constituents. The data are consistent with a role for nodulemore » CO/sub 2/ fixation providing carbon for the assimilation and transport of fixed nitrogen in amide-based legumes. In contrast, CO/sub 2/ fixation by nodules of ureide transporting legumes appears to contribute little to assimilation and transport of fixed nitrogen. 19 references, 2 figures, 5 tables.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6830979
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Plant Physiol.; (United States); Journal Volume: 78
Research Org:
Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; CARBON DIOXIDE; UPTAKE; LEGUMINOSAE; CARBON DIOXIDE FIXATION; PLANT SAP; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; ALFALFA; BEANS; CARBON 14 COMPOUNDS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; ROOTS; SOYBEANS; TRACER TECHNIQUES; BACTERIA; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DATA; FOOD; INFORMATION; ISOTOPE APPLICATIONS; LABELLED COMPOUNDS; MATERIALS; MICROORGANISMS; NUMERICAL DATA; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS; PLANTS; RHIZOBIUM; SYNTHESIS; VEGETABLES 550501* -- Metabolism-- Tracer Techniques