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Title: Global atmospheric change and research needs in environmental health sciences

On November 6-7, 1989, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) held a conference on Global Atmospheric Change and Human Health. As a result, and in the months since this conference, many important areas of research have been identified with regard to the impacts of climatic changes on human health. To develop comprehensive research programs that address important human health issues related to global warming, it is necessary to begin by recognizing that some of the health effects will be direct such as those due to temperature changes, and others will be indirect consequences of environmental alterations resulting in crop loss, changing disease vectors, population migration, etc. It should also be recognized that the conditions leading to global warming have importance to human health and the environment other than through increasing concentrations of CO[sub 2] in the atmosphere, rising surface temperatures, and rising sea levels. Much of the increase in CO[sub 2] in the atmosphere is due to the increased combustion of fossil fuels for transportation and electric power production. Over the next 30 years, the demand for electrical power is expected to grow at a rate of 2 to 4% per year in the United States alone, andmore » even faster growth is likely for developing countries. Much of this energy will be derived from the combustion of fossil fuels, including coal, which result in pollutant emissions to the air such as metals, radioactivity, SO[sub x], NO[sub x], and particles. Therefore, with increasing concentrations of CO[sub 2] there will not only be the effects of global warming on health, but also increasing concentrations of many serious air pollutants in urban areas, including the precursors of acid rain and acid deposition over large regional areas.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. (Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ (United States))
  2. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6788363
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Environmental Health Perspectives; (United States); Journal Volume: 96
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CLIMATIC CHANGE; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; HEALTH HAZARDS; RECOMMENDATIONS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; HAZARDS; INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS 560300* -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology; 560400 -- Other Environmental Pollutant Effects; 540120 -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-)