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Title: Emissions of air toxics from the production of charcoal in a simulated Missouri charcoal kiln

The paper gives results of experiments in a laboratory-scale charcoal kiln simulator to evaluate emissions of hazardous air pollutant from the production of charcoal in Missouri-type kilns. Fixed combustion gases were measured using continuous monitors. In addition, other pollutants, including methanol, volatile organic compounds, semivolatile organic compounds, and particle emission rates and size distributions were measured using various techniques. Emissions of all pollutants are reported in grams emitted per unit mass of initial wood converted to charcoal. Two burn conditions--slow and fast burn--were examined. High levels of methanol, benzene, and fine particulate were emitted from all tests. The estimated emissions from the fast burn conditions were significantly higher than those from the slow burn conditions.
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
676080
Report Number(s):
PB--99-102147/XAB; CONF-980959--
CNN: Contract EPA-68-D4-0005; TRN: 83131660
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 13. international symposium on measurement of toxic air pollutants, Cary, NC (United States), 1-3 Sep 1998; Other Information: DN: See also PB88-239223 and PB90-127374.; PBD: 1998
Research Org:
ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States);Environmental Protection Agency, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; CHARCOAL; KILNS; AIR POLLUTION; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; METHANOL; BENZENE; FLY ASH; WOOD FUELS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS