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Title: Containment and surveillance -- A principal IAEA safeguards measure

The growth of the safeguards inspectorate of the Agency, spanning more than 40 years, has produced a variety of interesting subjects (legal, technical, political, etc.) for recollection, discussion, and study. Although the Agency was established in 1957, the first practical inspections did not occur until the early 1960s. In the early inspections, thee was little C/S equipment available, and no optical surveillance was used. However, by the third decade of the IAEA, the 1980s, many technology advances were made, and the level of C/S equipment activities increased. By the late 1980s, some 200 Twin Minolta film camera systems were deployed by the Agency for safeguards use. At the present time, the Agency is evaluating and beginning to implement remote monitoring as part of the Strengthened Safeguards System. However, adoption of remote monitoring by international agencies cannot occur rapidly because of the many technical and policy issues associated with this activity. A glimpse into the future indicates that an important element of safeguards instrumentation will be the merging of C/S and NDA equipment into integrated systems. The use of modern interior area monitors in International Safeguards also offers a great potential for advancing C/S measures. The research in microsensors is inmore » its infancy, and the opportunities for their reducing the cost, increasing the life time, and increasing the reliability of sensors for safeguards applications are manifold. A period may be approaching in which the terminology of C/S will no longer have its original meaning, as integrated systems combining NDA instruments and C/S instruments are already in use and are expected to be the norm in the near future.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Jupiter Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
674549
Report Number(s):
SAND--97-2154C; CONF-971031--;IAEA-SM--351/49
ON: DE98000169; TRN: 99:001029
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International Atomic Energy Agency symposium on international safeguards, Vienna (Austria), 13-17 Oct 1997; Other Information: PBD: [1997]
Research Org:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; IAEA SAFEGUARDS; INSPECTION; REMOTE VIEWING EQUIPMENT; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; FORECASTING; NONDESTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS; NUCLEAR MATERIALS MANAGEMENT