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Title: Influence of organizational factors on safety

There is a need for a better understanding of exactly how organizational management factors at a nuclear power plant (NPP) affect plant safety performance, either directly or indirectly, and how these factors might be observed, measured, and evaluated. The purpose of this research project is to respond to that need by developing a general methodology for characterizing these organizational and management factors, systematically collecting information on their status and integrating that information into various types of evaluative activities. Research to date has included the development of the Nuclear Organization and Management Analysis Concept (NOMAC) of a NPP, the identification of key organizational and management factors, and the identification of the methods for systematically measuring and analyzing the influence of these factors on performance. Most recently, two field studies, one at a fossil fuel plant and the other at a NPP, were conducted using the developed methodology. Results are presented from both studies highlighting the acceptability, practicality, and usefulness of the methods used to assess the influence of various organizational and management factors including culture, communication, decision-making, standardization, and oversight. 6 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6663000
Report Number(s):
BNL-NUREG-44849; CONF-9010155--2
ON: DE90015127; TRN: 90-025999
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-76CH00016
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Human factors society conference, Orlando, FL (USA), 8-12 Oct 1990
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)
Sponsoring Org:
NRC
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; MANAGEMENT; REACTOR SAFETY; COMMUNICATIONS; DECISION MAKING; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS; ORGANIZATIONAL MODELS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; POWER PLANTS; SAFETY; THERMAL POWER PLANTS 220900* -- Nuclear Reactor Technology-- Reactor Safety; 990100 -- Management