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Title: Mild water stress of Phaseolus vulgaris plants leads to reduced starch synthesis and extractable sucrose phosphate synthase activity

Mild water stress, on the order of {minus}1.0 megapascals xylem water potential, can reduce the rate of photosynthesis and eliminate the inhibition of photosynthesis caused by O{sub 2} in water-stress-sensitive plants such as Phaseolus vulgaris. To investigate the lack of O{sub 2} inhibition of photosynthesis, we measured stromal and cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, sucrose phosphate synthase, and partitioning of newly fixed carbon between starch and sucrose before, during, and after mild water stress. The extractable activity of the fructose bisphosphatases was unaffected by mild water stress. The extractable activity of SPS was inhibited by more than 60% in plants stressed to water potentials of {minus}0.9 megapascals. Water stress caused a decline in the starch/sucrose partitioning ratio indicating that starch synthesis was inhibited more than sucrose synthesis. We conclude that the reduced rate of photosynthesis during water stress is caused by stomatal closure, and that the restriction of CO{sub 2} supply caused by stomatal closure leads to a reduction in the capacity for both starch and sucrose synthesis. This causes the reduced O{sub 2} inhibition and abrupt CO{sub 2} saturation of photosynthesis.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. (Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (USA))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6644189
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Plant Physiology; (USA); Journal Volume: 89:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; LIGASES; ENZYME ACTIVITY; PHASEOLUS; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; SACCHAROSE; BIOSYNTHESIS; STARCH; BIOLOGICAL STRESS; CARBON DIOXIDE; INHIBITION; OXYGEN; STOMATA; WATER; CARBOHYDRATES; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DISACCHARIDES; ELEMENTS; ENZYMES; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; LEGUMINOSAE; MAGNOLIOPHYTA; MAGNOLIOPSIDA; NONMETALS; OLIGOSACCHARIDES; OPENINGS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS; PLANTS; POLYSACCHARIDES; REAGENTS; SACCHARIDES; SYNTHESIS 550200* -- Biochemistry