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Title: Citizen groups: a creative force

The role of citizen groups is as important as that of government agencies when it comes to environmental policy in a democracy. These groups spend little money, yet they have initiated the major US environmental legislation of the past two decades. They are a recent, but effective, force in developing countries even though adversarial approaches are not often appropriate. The methods used by US environmental groups range from lobbying to confrontation in court. Groups outside the US tend to use consensus in democracies and information gathering in developing countries. While the groups' primary concerns are national in scope, international awareness and cooperation are growing. (DCK)
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6611238
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: EPA J.; (United States); Journal Volume: 7:2
Research Org:
Natural Resources Defense Council, Washington, DC
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; INTEREST GROUPS; PUBLIC POLICY; ADVERSARIES; DECISION MAKING; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION; INTERVENORS; MEDIATION; PUBLIC OPINION; COOPERATION; GOVERNMENT POLICIES 290300* -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety