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Title: Effects of fuel variables on diesel emissions

Recent data obtained by EPA on identification and quantification of different emissions (i.e., characterization) from a variety of diesel engines is summarized. Extensive work has been done comparing emissions from some light duty diesel and gasoline passenger cars. The work on the diesel vehicles was expanded to include tests with five different diesel fuels to determine how fuel composition affects emissions. This work showed that use of a poorer quality fuel frequently made emissions worse. The investigation of fuel composition continued with a project in which specific fuel parameters were systematically varied to determine their effect on emissions. EPA is presently testing a variety of fuels derived from coal and oil shale to determine their effects on emissions. EPA has also tested a heavy duty Volvo diesel bus engine designed to run on methanol and diesel fuel, each injected through its own injection system. The use of the dual fuel resulted in a reduction in particlates and NO/sub x/ but an increase in HC and CO compared to a baseline Volvo diesel engine running on pure diesel fuel. Finally, some Ames bioassay tests have been performed on samples from the diesel passenger cars operated on various fuels and blends. Anmore » increase in Ames test response (mutagenicity) was seen when the higher aromatic blend was used and also when a commercial cetane improver was used. Samples from the Volvo diesel bus engine fueled with methanol and diesel fuel showed that use of a catalyst increased the Ames response.« less
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6589345
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc.; (United States); Journal Volume: 32:8
Research Org:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Ann Arbor, MI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; DIESEL ENGINES; EXHAUST GASES; DIESEL FUELS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; MUTAGEN SCREENING; BIOASSAY; CARBON MONOXIDE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DUAL-FUEL ENGINES; HYDROCARBONS; NITROGEN OXIDES; PARTICULATES; SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM; US EPA; BACTERIA; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; ENGINES; FLUIDS; GASEOUS WASTES; GASES; HEAT ENGINES; INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; MICROORGANISMS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PARTICLES; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; SALMONELLA; SCREENING; US ORGANIZATIONS; WASTES 500200* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)