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Title: EERC pilot-scale CFBC evaluation facility Project CFB test results

Project CFB was initiated at the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) in May 1988. Specific goals of the project were to (1) construct a circulating fluidized-bed combustor (CFBC) facility representative of the major boiler vendors' designs with the capability of producing scalable data, (2) develop a database for use in making future evaluations of CFBC technology, and (3) provide a facility for evaluating fuels, free of vendor bias for use in the - energy industry. Five coals were test-burned in the 1-MWth unit: North Dakota and Asian lignites, a Wyoming subbituminous, and Colorado and Pennsylvania bituminous coats. A total of 54 steady-state test periods were conducted, with the key test parameters being the average combustor temperature, excess air, superficial gas velocity, calcium-to-sulfur molar ratio, and the primary air-to-secondary air split. The capture for a coal fired in a CFBC is primarily dependent upon the total alkali-to-sulfur ratio. The required alkali-to ratio for 90% sulfur retention ranged from 1.4 to 4.9, depending upon coal type. While an alkali-to-ratio of 4.9 was required to meet 90% sulfur retention for the Salt Creek coal versus 1.4 for the Asian lignite, the total amount of sorbent addition required ismore » much less for the Salt Creek coal, 4.2 pound sorbent per million Btu coal input, versus 62 pound/million Btu for the Asian lignite. The bituminous coals tested show optimal capture at combustor temperatures of approximately 1550[degree]F, with low-rank coals having optimal sulfur capture approximately 100[degree]F lower.« less
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6552517
Report Number(s):
DOE/MC/10637-3313
ON: DE93000253
DOE Contract Number:
FC21-86MC10637
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
North Dakota Univ., Grand Forks, ND (United States). Energy and Environmental Research Center
Sponsoring Org:
DOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; COAL; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; FLUIDIZED-BED COMBUSTION; FLUIDIZED-BED COMBUSTORS; CIRCULATING SYSTEMS; PERFORMANCE TESTING; BITUMINOUS COAL; CYCLONE SEPARATORS; DATA BASE MANAGEMENT; LIGNITE; NITROGEN DIOXIDE; NITROGEN OXIDES; NUMERICAL DATA; RETENTION; SUBBITUMINOUS COAL; SULFUR; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; BLACK COAL; BROWN COAL; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; COMBUSTION; COMBUSTORS; CONCENTRATORS; DATA; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; EQUIPMENT; EVALUATION; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; INERTIAL SEPARATORS; INFORMATION; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NONMETALS; OXIDATION; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT; SEPARATION EQUIPMENT; TESTING; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES 014000* -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Combustion