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Title: Impacts of alternative residential energy standards - Rural Housing Amendments Study, Phase 1

This report has examined the role of manufactured housing in the housing market, the energy impacts of three manufactured housing standards and three site-built standards in 13 cities, and the economic impacts of those standards in 6 cities. The three standards applied to manufactured housing are the HUD Title VI standard (Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards, or MHCSS), the Hud Title II-E standard, and the existing FmHA Title V standard. Those applied to site-built homes are the HUD Minimum Property Standards (MPS), the ASHRAE 90A-80 standard, and the FmHA Title V standard. Based on energy consumption alone, these analyses show that the FmHA Title V standard is the most stringent standard for both housing types (a single-section menufactured home and a single-story detached ''ranch house''). The HUD Title VI standard is the least stringent for manufactured homes, while the HUD Minimum Property Standards are the least stringent for site-built homes. Cost-effectiveness comparisons required by the Act were made for the two prototypical homes. Results of this preliminary economic analysis indicate that none of the site-built standards reflect minimum life-cycle cost as a basic criterion of their development. For manufactured homes, both the FmHA standard and the HUD Title II-Emore » standard reduce life-cycle cost and effect positive first-year cash flows in all cities analyzed when electric resistance heating is assumed. When natural gas heating is used, both standards pass the life-cycle cost test in all cities, but the FmHA standard fails the cash flow test in all but one city. However, in the worst case, net monthly expenditures in the first year are increased by less than $9.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6493056
Report Number(s):
PNL-5694-1
ON: DE86003840
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS; HOUSES; MOBILE HOMES; PREFABRICATED BUILDINGS; ECONOMIC IMPACT; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; RURAL AREAS; US DOA; US HUD; BUILDINGS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; STANDARDS; US ORGANIZATIONS 320101* -- Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization-- Residential Buildings-- (-1987)