skip to main content

Title: Flowfield measurements in a separated and reattached flat plate turbulent boundary layer. Final report

The separation and reattachment of a large-scale, two-dimensional turbulent boundary layer at low subsonic speed on a flat plate has been studied experimentally. The separation bubble was 55 cm long and had a maximum bubble thickness, measured to the height of the mean dividing streamline, of 17 cm, which was twice the thickness of the inlet boundary layer. A combination of laser velocimetry, hot-wire anemometry, pneumatic probing techniques, and flow visualization were used as diagnostics. Principal findings were that an outer inviscid rotational flow was defined which essentially convected over the blockage associated with the inner, viscously dominated bubble recirculation region. A strong backflow region in which the flow moved upstream 100 percent of the time was measured near the test surface over the central 35 percent of the bubble. A laminar backflow boundary layer having pseudo-turbulent characteristics including a log-linear velocity profile was generated under the highly turbulent backflow. Velocity profile shapes in the reversed flow region matched a previously developed universal backflow profile at the upstream edge of the separation region but not in the steady backflow region downstream. A smoke flow visualization movie and hot-film measurements revealed low frequency nonperiodic flapping at reattachment. However, forward flow fractionmore » data at reattachment and mean velocity profiles in the redeveloping boundary layer downstream of reattachment correlated with backward-facing step data when the axial dimension was scaled by the distance from the maximum bubble thickness to reattachment.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6415176
Report Number(s):
N-87-21257; NASA-CR-4052; E-3254; NAS-1.26:4052
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; PLATES; TURBULENT FLOW; FLOW VISUALIZATION; BOUNDARY LAYERS; BUBBLES; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; SUBSONIC FLOW; DATA; FLUID FLOW; INFORMATION; LAYERS; NUMERICAL DATA 420400* -- Engineering-- Heat Transfer & Fluid Flow