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Title: Long-term effects of offshore oil and gas development: an assessment and a research strategy. Final report

The book includes technical assessments regarding the environmental implications of Outer Continental Shelf oil and gas development in thirteen topical areas ranging from Petroleum Industry Operations: Present and Future to A Review of Study Designs for the Detection of Long-term Environmental Effects of Offshore Activities. These technical assessments support an analysis which identifies the following future research needs: Chronic effects from the persistence of medium and high molecular weight aromatic hydrocarbons and heterocyclics and their degradation products in sediments and cold environments; Residual damage from oil spills to biogenically structured communities such as coastal wetlands, reefs and vegetation beds; Effects of channelization for pipeline routing and navigation on wetlands; Effects of fouling by oil of birds, mammals, and turtles, especially in species in which a large percentage of the population aggregates at certain times; Effects on benthos of drilling discharges accumulated through field development; Effects of produced water discharges generated offshore but discharged into nearshore environments; Effects of noise and other physical disturbances on populations of birds, mammals and turtles; Reduction of fishery stocks due to mortality of eggs and larvae as a result of oil spills; Effects of man-made, usually gravel, islands and causeways in the Arctic on benthosmore » and anadromous fish species.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6403226
Report Number(s):
PB-86-104114/XAB
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, Chauvin (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 03 NATURAL GAS; CONTINENTAL SHELF; NATURAL GAS DEPOSITS; PETROLEUM DEPOSITS; OFFSHORE DRILLING; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; BENTHOS; ECOLOGY; FISHERIES; HYDROCARBONS; MAMMALS; OIL SPILLS; WATER POLLUTION; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; CONTINENTAL MARGIN; DRILLING; GEOLOGIC DEPOSITS; MINERAL RESOURCES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; RESOURCES; VERTEBRATES 020900* -- Petroleum-- Environmental Aspects; 030800 -- Natural Gas-- Environmental Aspects; 020300 -- Petroleum-- Drilling & Production; 030300 -- Natural Gas-- Drilling, Production, & Processing