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Title: Distribution of Permo-Carboniferous clastics of Greater Arabian basin

Strikingly correlative sequences of sediments composed of sandstones, siltstones, shales, and thin argillaceous carbonate beds are present, practically everywhere, underlying the Late Permian carbonates in the Greater Arabian basin. The Greater Arabian basin as defined here occupies the broad Arabian Shelf that borders the Arabian shield. This basin is composed of several smaller basins. These clastics are exposed as thin bands and scattered small exposures in several localities around the margins of the basin. The Permo-Carboniferous clastics are represented by the Unayzah Formation of Arabia, the Doubayat Group of Syria, the Hazro Formation of southeast Turkey, the Ga'arah Formation of Iraq, the Faraghan Formation of southwest Iran, and the Haushi Group of Oman. A Late Carboniferous-Early Permian age is assigned to these clastics because they contain fossil plants and palynomorphs. These sediments represent time-transgressive fluctuating sea deposits following a phase of regional emergence, erosion, and structural disturbance which preceded the Permian transgression. The basal contact of these clastics is marked by a well-pronounced angular unconformity with various older units, ranging in age from early Carboniferous to late Precambrian. This regional unconformity is probably related to the Hercynian movements. The upper contact is conformable with the Permian carbonates. The porous sandstonesmore » of the Permo-Carboniferous sediments are important hydrocarbon exploration targets. These reservoir rocks sometimes overlie mature source rocks and are capped by shales, marls, and tight carbonates. Significant quantities of hydrocarbons are contained in these reservoirs in different parts of the Greater Arabian basin.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6395401
Report Number(s):
CONF-870606-
Journal ID: CODEN: AABUD
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AAPG (Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol.) Bull.; (United States); Journal Volume: 71:5; Conference: American Association of Petroleum Geologists annual meeting, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 7 Jun 1987
Research Org:
ARAMCO, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; PETROLEUM DEPOSITS; RESERVOIR ROCK; SAUDI ARABIA; SANDSTONES; CARBONATE ROCKS; GEOLOGIC FORMATIONS; MISSISSIPPIAN PERIOD; PENNSYLVANIAN PERIOD; PERMIAN PERIOD; SEDIMENTARY BASINS; SHALES; ASIA; GEOLOGIC AGES; GEOLOGIC DEPOSITS; GEOLOGIC STRUCTURES; MINERAL RESOURCES; PALEOZOIC ERA; RESOURCES; ROCKS; SEDIMENTARY ROCKS 020200* -- Petroleum-- Reserves, Geology, & Exploration