Heat pump centered integrated community energy systems
Heat Pump Centered Integrated Community Energy Systems (HP-ICES) are energy systems for communities which provide heating, cooling and/or other thermal energy services through the use of heat pumps. Since heat pumps primarily transfer energy from existing and otherwise probably unused sources rather than convert it from electrical or chemical to thermal form, HP-ICES are viewed as having significant potential for energy conservation. Furthermore, since conventional building heating and cooling systems would be replaced by this community energy system, non-scarce resources could be used instead of depleting fuels which are in short supply. This is accomplished by powering the heat pumps with non-scarce energy forms not practical for use in the smaller conventional systems. Secondary benefits expected to enhance the value of such systems include reduction of adverse environmental effects over conventional systems, reliable production of services in view of increasingly frequent utility curtailments and interruptions, and provision of services at costs more favorable to consumers than conventional system costs (including acquisition, operation, and maintenance). Centralized, distributed, and cascaded HP-ICES approaches are discussed. The DOE sponsored HP-ICES Project and interim results are presented.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Resource Relation:
- Conference: 3. national conference and exhibition on technology for energy conservation, Tucson, AZ, USA, 22 Jan 1979
- Research Org:
- Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; COMMUNITIES; ENERGY CONSERVATION; HEAT PUMPS; PERFORMANCE; ICES; DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS; AIR CONDITIONING; BUILDINGS; ECONOMICS; HEAT RECOVERY; HEAT STORAGE; SPACE HEATING; WASTE HEAT UTILIZATION; ENERGY RECOVERY; ENERGY STORAGE; HEAT EXCHANGERS; HEATING; RECOVERY; STORAGE; WASTE PRODUCT UTILIZATION 320603* -- Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization-- Municipalities & Community Systems-- Public Utilities-- (1980-); 290800 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Heat Utilization-- (1980-)
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