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Title: The advent of biotechnology and technology transfer in agriculture

One of the keys to the success of American agriculture has been continuous waves of innovation, starting with mechanical innovations in the nineteenth century and continuing into the present with chemical and biological innovations (modern fertilizers and pesticides, high yield varieties of corn and wheat). Technological success resulted not only from new discoveries, but also from the capacity to translate new knowledge into practical innovations. Innovations helped generate an industrial infrastructure capable of both producing the new technology cheaply and effectively, and building a marketing and education network for its diffusion. The capacity for quick transfer of technology from the source of knowledge (universities) to technology producers (industry) and users (farmers) has been instrumental in the technological progress of agriculture. Mechanisms for technology transfer have changed over time as the nature of agriculture and the new technologies has changed. At present agriculture faces a new wave of technological innovation associated with biotechnology and genetic engineering. This paper investigates so that institutions can efficiently accommodate the transfer of new knowledge for biotechnology in agriculture.
Authors:
;  [1] ;
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
62888
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Technological Forecasting and Social Change; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 3-4; Other Information: PBD: May-Jun 1993
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
55 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, BASIC STUDIES; 29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; AGRICULTURE; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; PATENT LAWS; BIOTECHNOLOGY; PATENTS