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Title: Cultivation of fast-growing hardwoods

The intensive culture of hybrid poplar has received in-depth study as part of the Fast-Growing Hardwood Program. Research has concentrated on short-rotation intensive culture systems. Specific studies and operations included establishing and maintaining a nursery/cutting orchard, installing clone-site trials in central and southern New York State and initiating studies of no-till site preparation, nutrient utilization efficiency, wood quality and soil solution chemistry. The nursery/cutting orchard was used to provide material for various research plantings and as a genotype repository. Clone- site trials results showed that hybrid poplar growth potential was affected by clone type and was related to inherent soil-site conditions. No-till techniques were shown to be successful in establishing hybrid poplar in terms of survival and growth when compared to conventional clean tillage and/or no competition control, and can be considered for use on sites that are particularly prone to erosion. Nutrient use efficiency was significantly affected by clone type, and should be a consideration when selecting clones for operational planting if fertilization is to be effectively and efficiently used. Wood quality differed among clones with site condition and tree age inferred as important factors. Soil solution chemistry was minimally affected by intensive cultural practices with no measured adversemore » effect on soil water quality. Generally, results of these studies showed that appropriate hybrid poplar clones grown in short-rotation intensively cultured systems can be used successfully in New York State if proper site conditions exist and appropriate establishment and maintenance techniques are used. 37 refs., 4 figs., 22 tabs.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. (State Univ. of New York, Syracuse, NY (United States). Coll. of Environmental Science and Forestry)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6243139
Report Number(s):
NYSERDA-91-10
ON: TI92002668
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY (United States); State Univ. of New York, Albany, NY (United States). Research Foundation
Sponsoring Org:
NYSERDA; New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BIOMASS PLANTATIONS; PRODUCTIVITY; RESOURCE ASSESSMENT; POPLARS; CLONING; SHORT ROTATION CULTIVATION; DISEASE RESISTANCE; EROSION; FERTILIZATION; LAND USE; NEW YORK; OPTIMIZATION; PLANT BREEDING; PLANT GROWTH; PROGRESS REPORT; SILVICULTURE; SOIL CHEMISTRY; AGRICULTURE; CHEMISTRY; CULTIVATION TECHNIQUES; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; DOCUMENT TYPES; FEDERAL REGION II; GROWTH; INDUSTRY; MAGNOLIOPHYTA; MAGNOLIOPSIDA; NORTH AMERICA; PLANTS; TREES; USA 090700* -- Biomass Fuels-- Resources-- (1990-); 553000 -- Agriculture & Food Technology