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Title: Experimental investigation of direct contact three phase boiling heat transfer

The system which was studied in the present work consisted of one liquid undergoing vaporization by contact with a hotter immiscible liquid. The liquids and vapor were contacted in a counterflow spray column with only differential increases in vapor quality. Experiments yielded vertical temperature profiles, flow rates of the phases, liquid holdups, pressure drops, and a characterization of flow patterns. A micro-computer was utilized for measuring temperatures in the column at the rate of 1500 to 1600 times per second at several depths. Analysis of the experimental data indicate that the maximum temperature difference between the phases is 0.5F/sup 0/, and that a temperature crossover occurs at the lower end of the column. The heat transfer fluid undergoes flash vaporization at its inlet at the top of the column, and much of its sensible heat is tranferred to the dispersed phase near the top of the column. Temperature profiles along the length of the boiler are nearly flat, and very little heat transfer occurs in the lower part of the boiler. A chemical method was developed for measuring effective interfacial area in a direct contact boiler. The theoretical basis of the method is discussed, and physico-chemical data necessary for applicationmore » of the technique are reported. Water solubility of methyl salicylate was measured as a function of temperature, and the second order reaction rate coefficient for saponification of methyl salicylate by sodium hydroxide was determined from sodium hydroxide concentration versus time data and a computer model of a well-mixed semibatch reactor. The activation energy for the reaction was found to be 9.58 kilocalories per gram mole.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6223376
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Thesis (Ph. D.)
Publisher:
Univ. of Tennessee,Knoxville, TN
Research Org:
Tennessee Univ., Knoxville (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; MULTIPHASE FLOW; HEAT TRANSFER; DATA PROCESSING; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; LIQUIDS; METHYL RADICALS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; VAPORS; ALKYL RADICALS; DATA; ENERGY TRANSFER; FLUID FLOW; FLUIDS; GASES; INFORMATION; NUMERICAL DATA; PROCESSING; RADICALS 420400* -- Engineering-- Heat Transfer & Fluid Flow