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Title: Production of alcohol from Jerusalem artichoke for gasoline additive. Proucavanje mogucnosti proizvodnje alkohola iz topinambura kao dodatka u benzin

Trials conducted in 1980 and 1981 on three soil types, chernozem (a rich soil), anthropogenized black sand (a medium-rich soil), and anthropogenized brown sand (a poor soil), showed that the Jerusalem artichoke was superior to conventional field crops (corn, sugarbeet, potato, and sorghum) regarding the yield of carbohydrates per unit area, especially when grown on the poor soil. The analyses of the technological properties of Jerusalem artichokes grown for two years in the experimental plots showed that the plant species is a quality raw material for the production of alcohol. From the aspect of alcohol production, the quality of the tested varieties of Jerusalem artichoke depended neither on soil quality nor on the delay in harvesting the crop after it reached technological maturity. The results of the study indicate that the alcohol production from Jerusalem artichokes would be more economic, i.e., more profitable, than the production from conventional raw materials. The study of the carbohydrate composition of Jerusalem artichoke tubers made it clear that besides alcohol production, Jerusalem artichokes are a good raw material for the production of high-fructose syrup and crystalline fructose. Since the interest in these products kept increasing in recent years, because of their exceptional characters, itmore » is necessary to establish research programs to cover these field too. In the course of the study the authors came across some interesting literature data on the use of Jerusalem artichokes as a raw material for the production of high-fructose syrup and crystalline fructose. Some of the publication, i.e., those that might be useful in further research work, are appended to this study.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6151437
Report Number(s):
PB-85-243749/XAB
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Novi Sad Univ. (Yugoslavia). Inst. of Microbiological Processes and Applied Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; ALCOHOLS; PRODUCTION; BIOMASS; VEGETABLES; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; FUEL ADDITIVES; ADDITIVES; ENERGY SOURCES; FOOD; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC WASTES; PLANTS; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; WASTES 090222* -- Alcohol Fuels-- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass-- (1976-1989); 140504 -- Solar Energy Conversion-- Biomass Production & Conversion-- (-1989)