Spallator: a new option for nuclear power
The principles of the spallator reactor are reviewed. Advances in linear accelerator technology allow the design and construction of high current (hundreds of mA) continuous wave high energy (thousands of MeV) proton machines in the near term. Spallation neutronic calculations building on existing experimental results, indicate substantial neutron yields on uranium targets. Spallator target assembly designs based on water cooled reactor technology indicate operable efficient systems. Fuel cycles are presented which supply fissile material to thermal power reactors and reduce fission product waste. Preliminary comparative analysis indicates an economically competitive system in which a single purpose self-sufficient spallator supplies fuel to a number of LWRs. The spallator assures a long-term LWR power reactor economy. International interest in advancing the technology is indicated.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- BNL-33020; CONF-830632-3
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Resource Relation:
- Conference: 3. international conference on emerging nuclear energy systems, Helsinki, Finland, 6 Jun 1983
- Research Org:
- Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ACCELERATOR BREEDERS; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; NEUTRON SOURCES; PROTON BEAMS; QUADRUPOLE LINACS; SPALLATION; TARGETS; ACCELERATORS; BEAMS; NUCLEAR REACTIONS; NUCLEON BEAMS; PARTICLE BEAMS; PARTICLE SOURCES; RADIATION SOURCES; 430303* - Particle Accelerators- Experimental Facilities & Equipment
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