skip to main content

Title: Application of sedimentation model to uniform and segregated fluidized beds

This paper incorporates concepts of unimodal and bimodal sedimentation to develop a model that accurately predicts bed expansion during particulate fluidization. During bed expansion a particle is considered to be fluidized not by the pure fluid, but by a slurry consisting of the pure fluid and other surrounding particles. The contributions of the other surrounding particles to the additional buoyant and drag forces are accounted for with the use of effective fluid or slurry properties, density and viscosity. As bed expansion proceeds, influences of the surrounding particles decrease; therefore, these effective properties are functions of the changing void fraction of the suspension. Furthermore, the expansion index, which empirically represents the degree to which viscous and inertial forces are present, is traditionally a function of a constant terminal Reynold's number. Because the effective fluid properties are considered to be changing as fluidization proceeds, the degree to which viscous and inertial forces also changes; therefore, the expansion index is written as a function of a local or intermediate Reynold's number. These concepts are further extended to bimodal fluidization in which small or light particles aid in the fluidization of the large or heavy particles. The results indicate that the proposed model moremore » accurately predicts particulate bed expansion for a wider range of systems (gas -- liquid, low Reynold's number -- high Reynold's number) than other analytical or empirical models.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6080665
Report Number(s):
Y/DZ-687
ON: DE91004932
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-84OS21400
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (USA)
Sponsoring Org:
DOE/DP
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; FLUIDIZED BEDS; SEDIMENTATION; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; FLOW RATE; FLUIDIZATION; PARTICLE SIZE; SLURRIES; DISPERSIONS; MIXTURES; SIZE; SUSPENSIONS 420200* -- Engineering-- Facilities, Equipment, & Techniques; 420400 -- Engineering-- Heat Transfer & Fluid Flow