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Title: Effects of the Chernobyl accident on animal husbandry and production, from a Swedish perspective

About 20% of the Swedish land area was considerably contaminated by radionuclides released by the nuclear accident at Chernobyl, Ukraine, in April 1986. However, less than 10% of the arable land was contaminated. The heavy contamination was closely correlated with the amount of rain received during the first days of May 1986. Immediate restrictions on grazing limited the early uptake of contaminants in animal products. Changes in management of animals, especially sheep, goats, and reindeer in the contaminated areas have effectively reduced the transfer of radionuclides to human beings. One important factor was the possibility of obtaining uncontaminated feeds from unaffected parts of the country. The direct costs during the first 2 years after the accident were approximately +10 million for analyses and +90 million for compensation to farmers for condemned products (milk, mutton, and reindeer meat) and reimbursement for purchase of uncontaminated feeds from other parts of the country.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5986132
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.; (United States); Journal Volume: 194:7
Research Org:
Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; DOMESTIC ANIMALS; CONTAMINATION; FOOD CHAINS; SOILS; CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; SWEDEN; UKRAINIAN SSR; ACCIDENTS; ASIA; EASTERN EUROPE; ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS; EUROPE; GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS; LWGR TYPE REACTORS; POWER REACTORS; REACTORS; SCANDINAVIA; THERMAL REACTORS; USSR; WATER COOLED REACTORS; WESTERN EUROPE 560162* -- Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology-- Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, & Cells; 510300 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)