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Title: Macaque accessory optic system: I. Definition of the medial terminal nucleus

The organization of the accessory optic system (AOS) has been studied in the macaque monkey following intravitreal injections of tritiated amino acids in one eye. Retinal projections to the dorsal (DTN) and the lateral (LTN) terminal nuclei are identical to those previously described in other primate species. We observed an additional group of retinorecipient cells of the AOS, located between the cerebral peduncle and the substantia nigra, which we define as the interstitial nucleus of the superior fasiculus, medial fibers. In this report, we focus our attention on the medial terminal nucleus (MTN). Although a ventral division of this nucleus (MTNv) was not observed in the macaque, the retina projects to a group of cells in the midbrain reticular formation (MRF), which we argue to be homologous to the dorsal division of the MTN (MTNd). To provide evidence in support of this homology, the retinal projection to the MTNv and MTNd was also examined in 21 additional species from 11 orders of mammals including carnivores, marsupials, lagomorphs, rodents, bats, insectivores, tree shrews, hyraxes, pholidotes, edentates, and five additional species of primates. Whereas the retina projects to both ventral and dorsal divisions in all species studied, in haplorhine primates only themore » projection to the MTNd is conserved. The relative topological position of the MTNd in the MRF, dorsomedial to the substantia nigra and ventrolateral to the red nucleus, remains constant throughout the mammals. The trajectory of fiber paths innervating the MTNd is also similar in all species. In addition, the MTNd has comparable afferent and efferent connections with retina, pretectum, and vestibular nuclei in all species thus far studied. These results support the unequivocal conclusion that the MTNd is an unvarying feature of the mammalian AOS.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. (Vision et Motricite, Bron (France))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5941858
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Comparative Neurology; (USA); Journal Volume: 302:2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; EYES; MORPHOLOGY; AMINO ACIDS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; GENETIC VARIABILITY; MAMMALS; MONKEYS; TRACER TECHNIQUES; TRITIUM COMPOUNDS; ANIMALS; BIOLOGICAL VARIABILITY; BODY; BODY AREAS; CARBOXYLIC ACIDS; FACE; HEAD; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; ISOTOPE APPLICATIONS; ORGANIC ACIDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANS; PRIMATES; SENSE ORGANS; VERTEBRATES 550801* -- Morphology-- Tracer Techniques